Timothy Gombis

Professor of New Testament

Faculty Positions:

Grand Rapids Theological Seminary - Bible, Theology & Ministry

Contact Timothy Gombis


Known for his scholarship on Paul's letters and theology, Dr. Timothy Gombis, professor of New Testament, inspires seminarians to develop canonical wisdom and a new awareness of how to interact with the Bible. He teaches courses in biblical hermeneutics, biblical theology and New Testament exegesis for Grand Rapids Theological Seminary.

Dr. Gombis earned a doctoral degree in New Testament Studies from the University of St. Andrews in St. Andrews, Scotland. His thesis examined the topic of "The Triumph of God in Christ: Divine Warfare in the Argument of Ephesians," an area of study he further advanced in his second book titled The Drama of the Ephesians: Participating in the Triumph of God (IVP Academic, 2010).

A native of Chicago and loyal Cubs fan, Dr. Gombis is an experienced pastor, active blogger and approachable professor who has taught graduate-level seminary courses since 2011. His professional memberships include the Society of Biblical Literature, Tyndale Fellowship and Institute for Biblical Research.


Articles and Book Chapters

"Death Becomes Her: Romans 6:1-14" in Preaching Romans: Four Perspectives, edited by Scot McKnight and Joe Modica (Eerdmans, 2019).

"1 Maccabees and Mark 11:1–11: A Subversive Entry into Jerusalem" in Mark in Context: Jesus and Second Temple Judaism, edited by Ben C. Blackwell, John K. Goodrich and Jason Maston (Zondervan, 2018).

"St. Paul" in The History of Evil in Antiquity (2000 BCE – 450 CE), edited by Tom Angier (Routledge, 2018).

"The Atonement in Paul" in The T&T Clark Companion to the Atonement, edited by Adam Johnson (T&T Clark, 2017).

"Paul" in The T&T Clark Companion to the Doctrine of Sin, edited by Keith L. Johnson and David Lauber (T&T Clark, 2016).

"Participation in the New Creation People of God in Christ by the Spirit" in The Apostle Paul and the Christian Life: Ethical and Missional Implications of the New Perspective, edited by Scot McKnight and Joe Modica (Baker Academic, 2016).

"The Political Vision of the Apostle to the Nations" in Christian Political Witness, edited by George Kalantzis and Gregory E. Lee (IVP Academic, 2014).

"Arguing with Scripture in Galatia: Galatians 3:10-14 as a Series of Ad Hoc Arguments" in Galatians and Christian Theology: Justification, the Gospel, and Ethics in Paul's Letter, edited by N. T. Wright, Scott Hafemann and Mark Elliott (Baker Academic, 2014).

Review Article: Paul's Letter to the Romans by Colin G. Kruse, Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters 3.2 (2013): 255-62.

"The Rhetoric of Divine Warfare in Ephesians" in Old Testament "Holy War" and Christian Morality, edited by Jeremy Evans and Heath Thomas (IVP Academic, 2013).

"Embodying the Kingdom: Shalom in Sport" in The Image of God and the Body: Essays on Christianity and Sport, edited by Don Deardorff and John White (Edwin Mellen Press, 2008).

"The 'Transgressor' and the 'Curse of the Law': The Logic of Paul's Argument in Galatians 2-3," New Testament Studies 53.1 (2007): 81-93.

"Racial Reconciliation and the Christian Gospel," ACT 3 Review 15.3 (2006): 117-28.

"Power Demonstrated in Weakness," ACT 3 Review 15.1 (2006): 81-101.

"A Radically New Humanity: The Function of the Haustafel in Ephesians," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 48 (2005): 317-30.

"Cosmic Lordship and Divine Gift-Giving: Psalm 68 in Ephesians 4:8," Novum Testamentum 47 (2005): 367-80.

"The Triumph of God in Christ: Divine Warfare in the Argument of Ephesians," Tyndale Bulletin 56.2 (2005): 157-60.

"Ephesians 3:2-13: Pointless Digression, or Epitome of the Triumph of God in Christ?," Westminster Theological Journal 66 (2004): 313-23.

"Ephesians 2 as a Narrative of Divine Warfare," Journal for the Study of the New Testament 26.4 (2004): 403-18.

"Being the Fullness of God in Christ by the Spirit: Ephesians 5:18 in its Epistolary Setting," Tyndale Bulletin 53.2 (2002): 259-72.


  • Ph.D., New Testament Studies, University of St. Andrews (2005)
  • Th.M., New Testament Exegesis, The Master's Seminary (2000)
  • M.Div., Biblical Studies, The Master's Seminary (1997)
  • B.S., Political Studies, Liberty University (1994)


—Following the Chicago Cubs
—Reading about ancient Greek and Roman history


—Pauline theology
—Gospel of Mark
—Encounters between biblical theology, contemporary culture and politics